组织机构/年会活动: 中国交易银行50人论坛 中国供应链金融产业联盟 /  中国供应链金融年会 中国保理年会 中国消费金融年会 第三届中国交易银行年会

预警!继伊朗港口后又一大港超2000个集装箱滞港或被弃

时间: 2019-01-21 09:44:33 来源:   网友评论 0
  • 由于受到喀麦隆当地海关腐败影响,大量进口商不堪承受名目繁多的收费,放弃进口货物,目前已有超过2000个集装箱,被遗弃或滞留在杜阿拉港(Douala)。

由于受到喀麦隆当地海关腐败影响,大量进口商不堪承受名目繁多的收费,放弃进口货物,目前已有超过2000个集装箱,被遗弃或滞留在杜阿拉港(Douala)。




前不久,伊朗海关表示,在截至2018年12月21日的过去九个月中,伊朗海关积压的4.2万个集装箱中1.89万个集装箱货物被弃货。近期伊朗海关采取紧急措施,加快进口货物清关,减少港口货物积压量。无独有偶,日前,大量集装箱滞港现象又发生在了西非最大港--喀麦隆的杜阿拉港。


杜阿拉港(Douala),这个西非最大港口,由于受到当地海关腐败影响,已造成大量进口商由于不堪名目繁多的乱收费,而放弃进口货物。据不完全统计,目前已经有超过2000个集装箱被遗弃或滞留在杜阿拉港。


日前,非洲内陆国家乍得和中非共和国等,已派遣高级海关官员到喀麦隆协助反腐调查。乍得和中非的贸易物资80%通过杜阿拉港中转。杜阿拉港是乍得和中亚最近的海运进出口门户,但目前进出口商已忍无可忍,并希望把进出口业务迁移到贝宁的科托努港。


“当到达港口和任何一个检查站,从宪兵到警察再到海关,进口商必须支付巨额现金,而且还不被告知具体付款的原因,但必须在通过前支付。当在规定时间内没有通过检查站还需要额外缴纳罚金。无论你是空车还是载货。”当地相关人士表示。


事实上,此次杜阿拉(Douala)港上千个集装箱滞港事件已不是首次发生,早在2014、2015年已有发生,当时,喀麦隆、乍得和中非三国海关署长协调会议在杜阿拉召开,会议就集装箱货物在杜阿拉港长期滞港、中部非洲走廊公路货物运输安全与畅通等议题进行了商讨。乍得和中非两国进口货物主要从喀杜阿拉港中转。据报道,当时已有超过3000个中非进口集装箱货物在杜阿拉港长期滞港。看来这个西非最大港口这几年集装箱滞港问题一直存在也没有解决。有货物出口或经过该港中转的货代外贸企业注意了,做好提前准备,以免造成不必要的损失。


根据喀麦隆《海关法》第273条,对于在杜阿拉港存放时间超过90天的集装箱货物,杜阿拉港海关货物拍卖专门委员会将依法进行统一拍卖,拍卖收入将上缴喀国库。






商务部网站报道


国外媒体报道:


Source: Voice of America

Chad, CAR Threaten to Abandon Cameroon Port, Blame Corruption


DOUALA, CAMEROON   Landlocked Chad and the Central African Republic have dispatched senior customs officials to Cameroon to look into allegations of corruption in the Atlantic Coast port of Douala.


At the port, heavy equipment is excavating and relocating huge quantities of abandoned material at the Douala seaport.


Some of the containers, with vehicles and other goods destined for Cameroon, Chad and CAR, were abandoned by importers who complain that high levels of corruption, red tape and overpriced services are driving them away from one of Africa’s largest harbors.


Pay and pay again


Moise Vokeng of the Professional Transporters Network at the Douala seaport says importers and exporters are looking for alternatives.


When you arrive at the port and at any checkpoint, from gendarmes to police to customs, you have to pay money, you have to pay heavy money, you do not know why you pay but you must pay before you pass, Vokeng said.


Whether you enter with empty trucks or you are loaded, you have to pay. When we load we have to wait for the tracking equipment from the customs to be certain and when it is certain we have six hours to leave the seaport to Yassa, which is the first checkpoint. When you arrive at the checkpoint after six hours you have penalties to pay, he added.


Vokeng says clearing procedures are long and cumbersome because of degraded infrastructure and lack of investment. He says to take a car out, an importer needs no fewer than 25 stamps before paying $2,000 to customs officials for a 5- to 10-year-old car. He says to remove a car from the port at times takes two to three weeks.


Yaya Abdallah, a Chadian driver finally leaves the port. He says corruption is not only a problem inside the port, it stalks drivers on the road as well. He says Chadian and CAR drivers say Cameroon’s military and police harass them and drivers pay huge sums of money, which makes their businesses highly unprofitable.


He says they spend more than $300 to bribe gendarmes and police between Douala and Ndjamena, and no one seems to listen to them when they complain.


Officials deny bribe-taking


But Ngube Philomene, a senior official of the Cameroon military controlling traffic between Cameroon and Chad and Cameroon and CAR, says that because of insecurity, they have to control the trucks. She denies they collect bribes from drivers.


We are systematically controlling all vehicles to CAR and Chad because of insecurity and the crisis in CAR. We have to do it for their own security and safety, Ngube says.


Douala is the nearest ocean gateway for Chad and CAR, but importers and exporters say they are fed up and want to relocate to Cotonou in Benin.


Onana Ndoh, secretary general of the Community of Workers at Douala’s port authority argues, that Cotonou will be more expensive. He says it would be better for the landlocked countries to meet Cameroonian authorities and negotiate improvements.


The shippers of Central Africa and Chad cannot leave the port of Douala, the shortest way for them to go to the sea, he said. I can tell you that the commandant of Gendarmerie in the port has already taken steps to punish all caught in creating complications to shippers.


This week, Chad’s director of customs, Colonel Ousmane Adam Dicki, visited Cameroon. He says he first wants goods that have been piling up there to be cleared before negotiations on what his country will do next.


He says his country has sent him to take stock of all merchandise and containers destined for Chad, and to control and organize their transit within the shortest possible time.


More than 2,000 containers have been stuck in Douala for the past two months. In the past 30 years, there has been no major investment to expand the port.





[收藏] [打印] [关闭] [返回顶部]


分享到
相关热词搜索
本文来源: 作者: (责任编辑:七夕)
  •  验证码:
热点文章
中国贸易金融网,最大最专业的中文贸易金融平台